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Our Curriculum The Early Years Foundation Stage 'EYFS'

The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum

The care and education of children in the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) follows statutory requirements and guidance given by Government.


Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND)

At Rye Park Nursery School Centre we welcome all children and are proud of our inclusive provision. Parents and carers are encouraged to inform the school of any individual needs as soon as possible. Parents and carers are welcome to visit the school to view our facilities and discuss their child’s needs with the Headteacher or the Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO).

The Early Years Foundation Stage

This is the statutory framework for all children aged between 0 and 5 years. It provides a planning framework for all of our children at Rye Park Nursery School.

The Early Years Curriculum is organised into 7 areas of learning
For each area of learning there is a set of developmental stages and early learning outcomes which describe what each child is expected to be learning at each stage.
Our staff plan the curriculum to ensure the children make good progress towards the Early Learning Goals which children are expected to reach by the end of the Reception class in their primary school. At Rye Park Nursery School we expect all children to make the best possible progress and we support all children to reach the expected outcomes for nursery by the time they leave us.

The Seven Areas of Learning:

Three Prime Areas of Learning:

Communication and language development
Physical development
Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Four Specific Areas of Learning:

Understanding the World
Expressive Art and Design

How Young Children Learn:

The children will experience a range of activities indoors and outdoors, whatever the weather to develop skills, knowledge and independence. They learn actively within a strong routine. Children will bring home regular information about what they are learning and there will be weekly notices.

There follows a brief introduction of each area. In all areas there is a strong emphasis on active learning, play and exploration, and creating and thinking critically.

More information about the EYFS can be found on:

The Prime Areas of Learning

Personal, Social, Emotional Development (PSED)

  • Making relationships: Rye Park Nursery School Centre provides a happy, safe and secure environment where children feel valued and respected. Children form positive relationships and learn to work and play together cooperatively.
  • Self-confidence and self- awareness: Rye Park Nursery School Centre provides an environment where children grow in independence and are excited about learning. They will learn to speak in a group, to express their ideas and to make choices.
  • Managing feelings and behaviour: Children learn about their emotions and the feelings of others. They will use appropriate behaviour, turn take and share. 

Physical Development

  • Moving and Handling: learning and improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement in large and small movements e.g. climbing, jumping and using pencils and scissors.
  • Health and self-care: Children learn about the importance of good health, physical exercise and healthy diet. They enjoy the outdoor environment every day including a wide range of play activities. They will learn to manage their own hygiene and personal needs, e.g. hand washing and toileting routines.


Communication and Language

  • Listening and Attention: Children learn to listen to each other and adults individually and in small and large groups. They listen to and join in with stories and rhymes every day with enjoyment and relevant responses.
  • Understanding: Children develop understanding of language through their play and exploration they respond to questions, they explore, predict, explain, describe… They learn to follow instructions to extend their learning.
  • Speaking: Children are given a rich range of real experiences and activities to talk about. They take part in planning and recall activities enabling them to talk about past experiences and plan the future

The Specific Areas of Learning


In the EYFS children’s mathematical understanding develops through active learning, play and
exploration. They will use indoor and outdoor environments, stories, songs, cooking and games.

  • Number: Children will learn to count reliably, order numbers, calculate, problem solve and use mathematical language
  • Shape, space and measure: Children will learn about weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money. They will explore, recognise, create and describe patterns and shapes.


For both reading and writing children will develop their phonic knowledge which will support them to decode, read and write words. Phonics sessions will take place through a range of learning experiences e.g. listening activities, songs, rhymes and playing with language throughout the EYFS.

  • Reading: Children will learn the skills they need to be a reader and to love books. They will be given the opportunity to borrow both library and core reading books to be shared at home. They will become familiar with print and talk about their favourite books and characters. We use the Jolly Phonics actions to help the children with their develop their phonic knowledge.
  • Writing: Children are encouraged to develop an interest in mark making through a range of different mediums. As they mature they will start to make letter shapes that are in their names and from other words of interest to them. They will write what is meaningful to them and will be able to read it back to others.


Understanding the World

People and Communities, The World, Technology

In a rich active learning environment children are challenged to learn about themselves and others and the world in which they live.

Expressive Arts and Design
Exploring and using media and materials; children will sing, make music and dance. They will have daily opportunities to use a wide range of tools, techniques and materials creatively, and safely.

Being Imaginative; children will be encouraged and supported to express themselves imaginatively through all media.